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Phase 2 Autumn Term 2018

by Helen Farren on September 16, 2018 No comments

Knights and Castles

Dear Parents and Carers,

I hope you all had a wonderful summer holiday and enjoyed all the glorious sunshine with your children. They have come back this term full of energy and have already been immersing themselves in this term’s topic with enthusiasm.

This term’s topic is all about knights and castles. Pupils will be learning about the roles of knights and their squires, before looking at what life in a medieval castle would have been like.

The children have already begun researching the role of a squire and enjoyed a roleplay day of squire duties, including mending and sewing clothes, camp building, armour maintenance and knightly physical training. Later on this half term, we will also be examining how squires looked after their horses, with Ashdown Forest Riding Centre visiting us with one of their stable. In the second half of the term we will be visiting the remains of a real castle to explore what life would have been like for its inhabitants. (Details to follow)

Our English skills will be developed this term through the writing of a squires’ handbook and developing our own ‘Knight’s Quest’ stories inspired by ‘The Dragon Scale’. We will also be challenging the idea that it was only men that were important in this period of time, and beyond, by researching significant woman in history and how their lives changed the lives of others for the better. Pupils will compile information for a presentation, In teams, they will address the class, explaining why their historical figure deserves to be recognised and knighted.

History and Geography sessions will support this learning, with pupils getting a sense of the time and places studied. We will be looking at artefacts and other primary evidence, as well and developing our map reading skills.

As part of our role as a squire looking after a knight, our Science sessions will be focused on the human body, digestion and the teeth.

Our maths lessons will continue with the Inspire programme of study, building on the successes of last year.

More details about the key skills and questions we will be developing with the children can be found on the reverse of this letter.

Thank you all for your continued support.

Yours faithfully,

Mr Dobson, Mrs Ellis, Mrs Harrop, Miss Hitchman, Mrs Mitchison and Mrs Rogers.

Key Dates, Trips and Events

Squire Training Day – Monday 10th October

The pupils will be experiencing life as squire through workshops and activities in all the classrooms.

Meet the Phase 2 Team – Friday 28th September

You can find out more information about this term’s topic and how to support your child’s learning at our information session on Friday 28th September at 2:15pm in the Studio.

Horses in Action – Monday 1st October (TBC)

We will be joined by riders from Ashown Forest Stables who will be teaching the children about how to care for a horse and answering questions from the pupils.

Trip to Lewes Castle – Y4 Thursday 1st Nov   Y3 Friday 2nd Nov

We will be exploring the castle and finding out about what life was like for its inhabitants (A letter about this will go out on 29th September)


Pupils will be learning to:

  • Keep safe online.
  • Revise the ‘Hour of Code’.
  • Test and debug sequences of code.
  • Develop our coding skills to design and programme our own knight maze games.
  • Save and retrieve files and documents.
  • Select software suitable to present information and research findings in a way that engages your audience.


Core Texts:

A wide range of non-fiction texts based on Knights and Castles.

The Dragon’s Scales

Genres explored this term include:

  • Descriptive writing to create atmosphere.
  • A quest story.
  • Chronological and non-chronological report writing.
  • Instructional texts.
  • A Squire’s Handbook.
  • Period Diary Writing


Questions will include:

  • At what point in history was Simon de Montford?
  • What was life like at the time of Simon?
  • What was the difference between a knight and a squire?
  • What jobs was the squire expected to do and why?
  • Why were castles built?
  • What was life like in a castle?
  • What roles did people have in a castle?

What can artifacts from the tome tell us about how people lived


Coaching Matrix, Netball and Gymnastics.

  • To develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance.
  • To compare our performances to those of others and demonstrate improvements to achieve personal bests.
  • To work in teams, considering position and how best to support teammates.
  • To develop a sense of sportsmanship.

Inspire Maths

We will be following the sequence of learning for Inspire, starting with Place Value before moving on to the four operations and measure.


Questions will include:

  • Use Ordinance Survey maps to identify East Grinstead in a map.
  • Use grid co-ordinates to find other locations on a map. E.g. Lewes Castle.
  • Locate and name counties in England.
  • Calculate distances between locations using maps and software.
  • Why were castles built in the locations that they were?
  • How as a castle laid out?
  • How has the location changed over time?
  • Why have those changes taken place?

RE – Judaism

  • To learn about the special relationship between Jews and God and the promises that they make to each other.
  • Explore how Jewish people worship and what they believe.
  • Look at the rules by which they live their lives.
  • What are the Ten Commandments?



  • To listen to a variety of music and identify areas such as repetition, pitch, dynamic.
  • To play musical instruments with increasing fluency and control.
  • To play musical instruments with increasing fluency and control.
  • To know how music is written down.
  • To sing musically with increasing confidence and control
  • To play musical instruments with increasing fluency and control.
  • To know how music is written down.


Year 3:

  • What nutrients does the human body need?
  • What types of skeletons are these?
  • What role does the skeleton have?
  • What are the key bones in the skeleton?
  • What do the muscles do?
  • How can we keep our knight ‘s body safe, healthy and fit?

Year 4:

  • What is the digestive system?
  • How does it work?
  • How can we support our digestive system by what we eat?
  • What are the names of the different teeth in our mouth?
  • What job does each type of tooth do?
  • How can we keep our teeth healthy?
  • What is a food chain?
  • What impact can we have on a food chain?
  • How can we keep our knight ‘s body safe, healthy and fit?

Art and Design

  • To design and make our Castle learning environment.
  • Mixing of colours and tones in painting.
  • Explore a range of techniques to represent the dragon’s scales.
  • Use ink and colour washes to draw a knight in armour.
  • Look at how artists represent horses using pastels.
  • Sketch our visiting horse.
  • Make jewellery using a range of techniques.

Woodwork safety and techniques explored to build our own life-size castle tower


  • What is a concept? Love hate, friendship, respect etc
  • What concepts did you think about whilst listen/reading the story?
  • What concepts did you think about whilst listening the song?
  • What is bravery?
  • Why are some people recognised with knighthoods/damehoods in the modern era?



Helen FarrenPhase 2 Autumn Term 2018

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